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GDEP communication protocol

Supported device types and versions
Communication line configuration
Communication station configuration
I/O tag configuration
Literature
Changes and modifications
Document revisions

Supported device types and versions


This protocol is used for sending and receiving SMS messages and MMS ones, processing WAP requirements and playing SMS games.
The protocol is built on the standards such as TCP, HTTP (or HTTPS) and XML. GAP server (GAme Platform) on Orange side and an application (D2000 KOM process) are the communication partners.
The implementation in D2000 System supports the following messages:

Table 1

MessageDirectionMeaning
HELLOKOM->GAPLogging on (name + password) to GAP platform when starting the connection.
INQUIRE_LINKKOM->GAP
GAP->KOM
Testing the functionality of connection after a longer period of inactivity.
INQ_RSPKOM->GAP
GAP->KOM
Response to INQUIRE.
RECEIVE (sms)GAP->KOMReceiving SMS from GAP server.
RCV_RSP (sms)KOM->GAPConfirmation of receiving SMS by D2000 KOM.
SEND (sms)KOM->GAPSending SMS message.
SND_RSP (sms)GAP->KOMConfirmation of receiving SMS by GAP server.
ACCEPTEDGAP->KOMConfirmation of receiving SMS or MMS by SMS/MMS center.
ACC_RSPKOM->GAPResponse to ACCEPTED from D2000 KOM.
RECEIPT (sms)GAP->KOMConfirmation of receiving SMS by an end user.
REC_RSPKOM->GAPResponse to RECEIPT from D2000 KOM.
BYKOM->GAPEnd of connection by D2000 KOM.
BY_RSPGAP->KOMResponse to BY from GAP server.
NAKGAP->KOMUnacceptable message is declined.

The following messages have not been implemented yet:

Table 2

MessageDirectionMeaning
RECEIVE (wap)GAP->KOMReceiving WAP requirement from GAP server.
RCV_RSP (wap)KOM->GAPWAP requirement by D2000 KOM.
RECEIVE (mms-xml)GAP->KOMReceiving MMS from GAP server.
RCV_RSP (mms-xml)KOM->GAPConfirmation of receiving MMS by D2000 KOM.
SEND (mms-xml)KOM->GAPSending MMS.
SND_RSP (mms-xml)GAP->KOMConfirmation of receiving MMS by GAP server.
RECEIPT (mms)GAP->KOMConfirmation of receiving MMS by an end user.
SCOREKOM->GAPChanging the player's score.
SCO_RSPGAP->KOMResponse to SCORE from GAP server.
NICKKOM->GAPAdministration of nicknames: creation, canceling, adding, deleting and searching.
NICK_RSPGAP->KOMResponse to NICK from GAP server.

Communication line configuration


Communication line category: TCP/IP-TCP
TCP Parameters:

  • Host: String max. 80 characters – server name in INET format (name or numerical address a.b.c.d).
  • Port: TCP port number (1 to 65535).
  • Line number: Not used, enter any number.

Note: GDEP protocol is built over HTTP or HTTPS protocol. D2000 KOM process does not include HTTPS communication. It uses the stunnel program (modular method). The stunnel program is able to wrap both the client and server communication in SSL layer. As GDEP protocol needs the implementation the both client and server on each side (both GAP server and D2000 KOM), you must start two stunnel processes:

  • one of them is in a server mode, which will wait on connection of GAP server. After processing the SSL layer, it will send data to the defined port, on which D2000 KOM is waiting as GDEP server (see the parameter Server Port).
  • other one is in a client mode, which waits on the defined port. D2000 KOM (client side) will be connected with it. After wrapping data in SSL layer, the stunnel will send them to a target computer and port (server port of GAP server). Therefore, in the parameter Host there will be localhost and in the parameter Port there will be the port number on which the stunnel process is waiting in a client mode.


Communication station configuration


Communication protocol: GDEP
Station address: not used

Note: There must be exactly ONE communication station on the line.


Station protocol parameters

You can set the following station protocol parameters:

Table 3

Key woreFull nameMeaningUnitDefault value
RD
Relogin DelayWaiting before repeated attempt to log on to GAP server.sec10
TKI
TCP KeepInit optionKeepInit setting of TCP protocol.-False
CE
Station Communication ErrorNumber of failed attempts to connect to server when the station switches to StCOMERR status.-1
HE
Station Hard ErrorNumber of failed attempts to connect to server when the station switches to StHARDERR status.-3
U
User NameUser name to log on to GAP server.--
P
UserPasswordPassword to log on to GAP server.--
HH
HTTP HostIP address or server name, which is specified in HTTP request.--
HP
HTTP PortPort of server, which is specified in HTTP request.-0
SP
Server PortPort on which KOM is listening as server.-1000
TSI
Timeout Send InquireAfter this timeout, KOM will send INQUIRE message (0=disabled).sec90
TRI
Timeout Receive Inq_RspTill this timeout, KOM will wait INQ_RSP (response to INQUIRE).sec10
TRA
Timeout Receive AcceptAfter this timeout, KOM process denotes the message as expired (confirmation level 2), if ACCEPTED message does not come.sec10
TRR
Timeout Receive ReceiptAfter this timeout, KOM process denotes the message as expired (confirmation level 3), if RECEIPT message does not come.sec60
K1
H1
P1
K2
H2
P2
KOM Name 1
Host Address 1
Port Number 1
KOM Name 2
Host Address 2
Port Number 2
When using in D2000 System redundancy (two D2000 KOM): if name of workstation, on which D2000 KOM is running, is the same than K1 (or K2) parameter, when connecting to GAP server, HELLO message will contain the optional parameters host and port with values H1 and P1 (or H2 and P2). GAP knows on which of two D2000 KOM shall connect.

I/O tag configuration


I/O tag is defined by itsr address, which must correspond with the address specified in the tables below. I/O tag names can be different.

SMS receiving: After receiving SMS, the values of the following I/O tags will be set (if I/O tags have been configured).

Table 4

AddressTypeI/O tag nameMeaning
1TxtORcv_Id

64-bit ID of received SMS (RECEIVE message). After processing of the message by an application, KOM process should be informed, by writing into this I/O tag, to confirm the receiving by RCV_RSP message and make accessible next SMS to application (if it is in a queue).
[message sequence ID on the Game Platform (64-bit number displayed decimally in ASCII format). It is used for duplicate receipt detection when a session has been re-established after the connection failure.]

2TxtIRcv_Serv_IdParameter serv_id of received message.
[service ID that this message belongs to.]
3TxtIRcv_AppAddrParameter appaddr of received message.
[destination number. It can be short or long number dedicated to the service (External Application). It is identification of the game. It is never encrypted. ]
4TxtIRcv_AppAddrTypeType attribute of parameter appaddr.
5TxtIRcv_MsisdnParameter msisdn of received message.
[source number. Can be encrypted, see the type attribute.]
6TxtIRcv_MsisdnTypeAttribute type of parameter msisdn.
7CiRcv_EmployeeParameter employee of received message.
[if application have enabled mark of employee, then element employee has value
  0 – if source MSISDN is NOT employee
  1 – if source MSISDN is employee]
8CiRcv_DcsParameter dcs of received message.
[parameter data_coding of the GDEP protocol (DCS) [SMPP PS v3.4]. (8-bit integer defined in the ASCII). Default = 0.]
9CiRcv_EsmParameter esm of received message.
[parameter esm of the SMPP protocol (DCS) [SMPP PS v3.4]. (8-bit integer defined in the ASCII). Default = 0.]
10TxtIRcv_Recv_DateParameter receive_date of received message.
[time of receive SMS to SMS center.]
11TxtIRcv_CodingAttribute coding of parameter content.
[type of coding in the element content. Currently used are:
  text ASCII text,
  base64 content is coded by code base64 – this is used for binary data.]
12TxtIRcv_ContentParameter content of received message.
[nothing but data. Data sent by the subscriber to the External Application (SMS).]
13TxtIRcv_MsgPartParameter msg_part of received message (trio ref_num/seg_num/tot_seg).
[ref_num - contain an originator generated reference number so that a segmented short message may be reassembled into a single original message
seg_num - sequence number of particular message within the concatenated message
tot_seg - indicating the total number of fragments]


SMS sending: When sending SMS message, you should set the values for the following I/O tags (if they have been configured). The message will be sent after setting the value of I/O tag Snd_AppDefId.
The symbol (o), stated at I/O tag means that the tag is optional (it may not be configured because GDEP protocol denotes this attribute as optional).

Table 5

AddressTypeI/O tag nameMeaning
101TxtOSnd_Serv_IdParameter serv_id of sent message.
[service ID that this message belongs to.]
102TxtOSnd_Rcv_Msg_Id (o)Parameter rcv_msg_id of sent message.
[ID of received message (RECEIVE) that this message is a response to]
103TxtOSnd_AppAddrParameter appaddr of sent message.
[source number. It can be either short or long (MSISDN) number assigned to the service.]
104CoSnd_AppAddrType (o)Attribute type of parameter appaddr.
105TxtOSnd_MsisdnParameter msisdn of sent message.
[destination number. In case of a mobile telephone number, it can be encrypted. In case of a short number, the destination number is the short number only.
Can be encrypted, the type is present in the type attribute.]
106CoSnd_MsisdnType (o)Attribute type of parameter msisdn.
107TxtOSnd_BillMsisdn (o)Parameter billmsisdn of sent message.
[MSISDN to which the message will be billed (this tag is only used with specific applications, where the billed subscriber is not the recipient of the message. This option must be approved at the Game Platform by agreement with the marketing dept.)
Can be encrypted, the type is present in the type attribute.]
108CoSnd_BillType (o)Attribute type of parameter billmsisdn.
109CoSnd_Flags (o)Parameter flags of sent message.
[32-bit numbers displayed decimally in ASCII format. Flags are combined with OR binary function. Unused bits are reserved.
SMS_FLAG_RECEIPT bit 1 - delivery receipt requested
SMS_FLAG_REPLACE bit 2 - SM replacement requested on SIM card position under bits 4-6
SMS_FLAG_POSITION bit 4-6 - SIM position for SM replacement
position range: from 1 to 7, 0 is unused]
110TxtOSnd_Expiration (o)Parameter expiration of sent message.
[validity period of the SM in the GSM time encoding (i.e. YYMMDDhhmmsst), or the character „-", if not defined]
111TxtOSnd_Delivery (o)Parameter delivery of sent message.
[delivery time of the SM in the GSM time encoding (i.e. YYMMDDhhmmsst), or the character „-", if not defined.]
112TxtOSnd_BillKeyParameter billkey of sent message.
[billing key, 4 characters long string consisting of (0..9) and (A .. Z). Each application will have 4 keys to be used in this field]
113TxtOSnd_Evbill_Id (o)Parameter evbill-id of sent message.
[service identifier in the event billing in case this type of billing method should be used.]
114TxtOSnd_EvbillIdSeq (o)Parameter evbill-id-seq of sent message.
[service identifier in the event billing in case this type of billing method should be used.]
115CoSnd_Dcs (o)Parameter dcs of sent message.
[parameter data_coding of the SMPP protocol (DCS) [SMPP PS v3.4]. (8-bit integer defined in the ASCII). Default = 0.]
116CoSnd_Esm (o)Parameter esm of sent message.
[parameter esm of the SMPP protocol (DCS) [SMPP PS v3.4]. (8-bit integer defined in the ASCII). Default = 0.]
117TxtOSnd_Score (o)Parameter score of sent message.
[game is sending score for the subscriber with – MSISDN. Format:
+score – Game Platform adds this score value to the daily counter
-score – Game Platform subtracts this score value from the daily counter
score – Game Platform replaces the daily counter by this score value
(daily counter is parameter, which is bind to MSISDN, nick, game and day. This counter will be changed only by GDEP protocol)]
118TxtOSnd_ScoreNick (o)Attribute nick of parameter score.
[– if this attribute will be used it will define the particularly used nick of the subscriber defined by MSISDN. Score will update the daily counter for this MSISDN and nick. If this attribute will not be used daily counter for MSISDN and default value nick="" will be used.]
119TxtOSnd_ScoreFinish (o)Attribute finished of parameter score.
[if this attribute will be used (with the any value, default value will be empty string ""), the Game Platform will add the new issue to the table C_SCORE, where will be add each player so many time how many will finish the game successfully. Use this attribute only after successful finishing of the game by the player.]
120TxtOSnd_CodingParameter content of sent message.
[type of coding in the element content
Currently used are:
text ASCII text base64 content is coded by code base64 – this is used for binary data.]
121TxtOSnd_ContentParameter content of sent message.
[nothing but data. Data sent by the External Application (SMS) to the subscriber.]
122TxtOSnd_Category (o)Parameter category of sent message.
[element can be used to specify category of content that is to be sent, character string 1-64 bytes long]
123Co
Snd_AppDefId
Any positive integer, generated by application, that (for application) defines the sent SMS. The confirmation of delivery or nondelivery will contain this number (I/O tag Rsp_AppDefId), if KOM process has not been restarted.
130TxtISnd_64bit_Id64-bitový identifier that sets KOM process when setting SMS message. As GDEP protocol uses a unique 64-bit identifier (GDEP server initiates its value when connecting to D2000 KOM process), the confirmation of delivery is marked internally by this 64-bit ID. If KOM process is restarted, after start-up GAP server could send the confirmations of delivery, which have been sent before restart. In such case D2000 KOM sets Snd_AppDefId to -1. The application may couple the confirmations according to Snd_64bit_Id.


Confirmation of SMS delivery: After receiving the ACCEPTED, RECEIPT and NAK messages, the following I/O tags will be set (Rsp_AppDefId will be set as the last).

Table 6

AddressTypeI/O tag nameMeaning
131Co
Rsp_AppDefId
Snd_AppDefId of sent message or -1, if the message with this number has not been found in the list of sent and unconfirmed messages (e.g. after restart of KOM process).
After processing the confirmation of delivery, the application must set Rsp_AppDefId on 0. It causes that the confirmation will be sent to GAP server (ACC_RSP message or REC_RSP, depending on message on which D2000 KOM responds) and  D2000 KOM can set next value, if it has other confirmation of delivery.
132CiRsp_ErrNoNumber of error: 0 - no error, any other values are mentioned in the literature [1].
If RECEIPT message has been received, Rsp_ErrNo copies the value of state, except the value 2 (delivered) and 6 (accepted) - the message is considered to be delivered successfully and Rsp_ErrNo=0.
133CiRsp_CnfTypeLevel of confirmation:
level 1 - the message has been sent to GAP server (Rsp_ErrN=0) or an error occurred when sending (Rsp_ErrNo=-1)
level 2 - ACCEPTED message has been received (with zero or nonzero error code, whose value is in Rsp_ErrNo) or timeout Timeout Receive Accept has expired (Rsp_ErrNo=-2)
level 3 - RECEIPT message has been received or timeout Timeout Receive Receipt has expired (Rsp_ErrNo=-3)
134TxtIRsp_ErrDescText description of error (when expiring the timeout) or value err_type when there is the negative message ACCEPT.
[err_type - type of error, one of SMSC, MMSC, INTERNAL
  • SMSC means the error occurred in SMSC
  • MMSC means the error occurred in MMSC
  • INTERNAL means the error occurred in GAP
]
135TxtI
Rsp_Serv_Id
64-bit ID of sent SMS message to which this report relates.
The values of these I/O tags are valid only when receiving RECEIPT.
136TxtIRec_Submit_DateParameter submit_date of RECEIPT message.
[date of delivery of sent SMS message to SMS center]
137TxtIRec_Done_DateParameter done_date of RECEIPT message.
[date of delivery of sent SMS message to destination]
138
CiRec_StateParameter state of RECEIPT message.
[state of the message, can have the following values (as described in [2] SMPP 3.4, chapter 5.2.28 message_state):
  • 1 – enroute - the message is in enroute state
  • 2 – delivered – the message is delivered to destination
  • 3 – expired – message validity period has expired
  • 4 – deleted – message has been deleted
  • 5 – undeliverable – message is undeliverable
  • 6 – accepted – message is in accepted state (i.e. has been manually read on behalf of the subscriber by customer service)
  • 7 – unknown – message is in invalid state
  • 8 – rejected – message is in rejected state
]
Note: If RECEIPT message with state=1 (temporary enroute state) has been received, the application waits once more with timeout Timeout Receive Receipt to receive RECEIPT message of the final state.


139


TxtI


Rec_MsisdnParameter msisdn of RECEIPT message.
[msisdn that the message is delivered to. It can be encrypted.]
140TxtIRec_MsisdnTypeAttribute type of msisdn parameter.


Identification of communication status:

Table 7

AddressTypeI/O tag nameMeaning
199Di
GAP_SrvConnected
Information on whether GAP server is connected to D2000 KOM process. After breaking the communication, there can happen the situation when D2000 KOM will connect to GAP server, but GAP server will not connect to D2000 KOM process. If for example the value of GAP_SrvConnected is FALSE within a minute after reconnection to GAP server (the status of station is StON), we recommend you to restart D2000 KOM. If it fails, contact the responsible person for GAP server.


Attribute type (Rcv_AppAddrType, Rcv_MsisdnType) can acquire values listed in the table below (the numeric values are entered when sending SMS messages, the text ones when receiving SMS messages):

Table 8

ValueNumberMeaning
msisdn1Cell phone number in the format +421905123456.
alias2Encrypted number of user (encryption is done by GAP server). It is 32-character string (hexadecimal code). Example of encryption: 421905014940 -> 2F8E47BCAAAB12CA3E19B7DCC2DFDE84.
ow3The specification [1] does not contain a detailed definition, but this type is used only for MMS messages.

Literature


[1] Game Data Exchange Protocol Specification 2.4 (provided by Orange Slovensko, a.s.)
[2] SMPP PS v3.4 (Short Message Peer to Peer Protocol Specification v3.4)

Changes and modifications


-

Document revisions


  • Ver. 1.0 – May 2, 2006: protocol implementation
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